Has no or limited tennis experience and is still working primarily on getting the ball into play. Needs oncourt experience. Has obvious stroke weaknesses but is familiar with basic positions for singles and doubles play. Learning to judge where the ball is going although court coverage is weak. Can sustain a short rally of slow pace with other players of the same ability.
Has achieved improved stroke dependability with directional control on moderate shots, but still lacks depth and variety. Starting to exhibit more aggressive net play and has improved court coverage.
Has dependable strokes, including directional control and depth on both forehand and backhand sides plus the ability to use lobs, overheads, approach shots and volleys with some success. May be starting to master the use of power and spins (though tends to overhit difficult shots). Rallies may be lost due to impatience.
Starting to master the use of power and spins; can handle pace, has sound footwork, can control depth of shots and is beginning to vary game plan according to opponents. Can hit first serves with power and accuracy and place the second serve. May have played varsity or college club tennis.