The emphasis on speed and agility is a defining characteristic of taekwondo and has its origins in analyses undertaken by Choi Hong Hi. The results of that analysis are known by ITF practitioners as Choi's Theory of Power. Choi based his understanding of power on biomechanics and Newtonian physics as well as Chinese martial arts. For example, Choi observed that the power of a strike increases quadratically with the speed of the strike, but increases only linearly with the mass of the striking object. In other words, speed is more important than size in terms of generating power. This principle was incorporated into the early design of taekwondo and is still used. We at SPSSA Taekwondo division focuses on following to deliver best in class output.
- Reaction Force
- The principle that as the striking limb is brought forward, other parts of the body should be brought backward in order to provide more power to the striking limb.
- The principle of bringing as many muscles as possible to bear on a strike, concentrating the area of impact into as small an area as possible.
- Maintaining a correct center-of-balance throughout a technique.
- Breath Control
- The idea that during a strike one should exhale, with the exhalation concluding at the moment of impact.
- the principle of bringing as much of the body to bear on a strike as possible; again using the turning kick .
- as previously noted, the speed of execution of a technique in taekwondo is deemed to be even more important than mass in terms of providing power.
Typical curriculum - Taekwondo
- these serve the same function as kata in the study of karate.
- sparring includes variations such as free-style sparring (in which competitors spar without interruption for several minutes); 7-, 3-, 2-, and 1-step sparring (in which students practice pre-arranged sparring combinations); and point sparring (in which sparring is interrupted and then resumed after each point is scored).
- the breaking of boards is used for testing, training, and martial arts demonstrations. Demonstrations often also incorporate bricks, tiles, and blocks of ice or other materials. These techniques can be separated into three types:
- Power breaking - using straightforward techniques to break as many boards as possible.
- Speed breaking - boards are held loosely by one edge, putting special focus on the speed required to perform the break.
- Special techniques - breaking fewer boards but using jumping or flying techniques to attain greater height, distance, or to clear obstacles.
- Throwing and/or falling techniques
- Both anaerobic and aerobic workout, including stretching
- Relaxation and meditation exercises, as well as breathing control
- A focus on mental and ethical discipline, etiquette, justice, respect, and self-confidence
- Examinations to progress to the next rank
- Development of personal success and leadership skills